BEHRTDAY: Dynamic Mortality Risk Prediction using Time-Variant COVID-19 Patient Specific Trajectories
Azhir A., Talebi S., Merino LH., Li Y., LUKASIEWICZ T., Argulian E., Narula J., MIHAYLOVA B.
Incorporating repeated measurements of vitals and laboratory measurements can improve mortality risk-prediction and identify key risk factors in individualized treatment of COVID-19 hospitalized patients. In this observational study, demographic and laboratory data of all admitted patients to 5 hospitals of Mount Sinai Health System, New York, with COVID-19 positive tests between March 1st and June 8th, 2020, were extracted from electronic medical records and compared between survivors and non-survivors. Next day mortality risk of patients was assessed using a transformer-based model BEHRTDAY fitted to patient time series data of vital signs, blood and other laboratory measurements given the entire patients’ hospital stay. The study population includes 3699 COVID-19 positive (57% male, median age: 67) patients. This model had a very high average precision score (0.96) and area under receiver operator curve (0.92) for next-day mortality prediction given entire patients’ trajectories, and through masking, it learnt each variable’s context.