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The survey aimed to: establish the feeding practices in families for infants from birth to 15 months of age; identify the reasons why babies are fed as they are, and determine what influences mothers to make their choices about infant feeding; identify the sources and quality of information and support provided to mothers; examine the growth of babies and relate this to feeding practices.

Main Topics/Subject Category
Waves 1-4: Topics covered by the data include: Breastfeeding - incidence, prevalence and duration. Choice of feeding method. Bottle feeding - prevalence, type of non-human milk given, hygiene practices, help with cost of milk. Ante-natal care and advice. Feeding problems and sources of advice during first 15 months. Solid food - age of introduction, type of food eaten and frequency, feeding problems. Drinks - types of drinks other than milk, frequency of consumption of different types of drink. Vitamin supplements given. Body measurements - weight, supine length, head circumference, mid upper-arm circumference. Wave 5: information on the child's milk drinking habits; consumption of other food and drink which could influence iron status and vitamin D; consumption of vitamin supplements; exposure to sunlight; recent infection. Results of analysis of a blood sample taken from the child at the time of the interview.
England, accidents, adults, advice, age, alcohol consumption, allergies, antenatal care, anthropometric data, asians, attitudes, bedrooms, beverages, blood, books, bottle-feeding, breast-feeding, businesses, cereal products, cereals, child care, child nutrition, child-minders, child-minding, childbirth, children, clinical tests and measurements, confectionery, contraceptive devices, cooking, costs, dairy products, delivery (pregnancy), diseases, domestic appliances, drugs, economic activity, edible fats, educational background, eggs (as food), employees, employment, employment history, english (language), ethnic groups, facilities, families, family members, family planning, fathers, fish (as food), food, food additives, food control, food preparation, food storage, food supplements, frequency, friends, fruit, full-time employment, gender, general practitioners, haematologic diseases, haemoglobin, health, health promotion and education, health services, health visitors, height (physiology), home ownership, home sharing, home-based work, hospital services, hospitalization, hospitalized children, households, housing, housing facilities, housing tenure
Identifier Variables
Economic/Subject Categories
Area of Health System
Social care, Public health
Data collecting organization (s)
Office for National Statistics
Data Type
Survey (cross-sectional)
Coverage (date of field work)
1994, 1995, 1996
Unit of Analysis

Babies born between August 15th and November 11th 1994, to mothers living in the 41 selected local authority areas who had defined themselves as being of Bangladeshi, Indian or Pakistani origin. A sample of babies born to white mothers living in the same areas was also included for waves 1-4. sample size; (A) 2000 (target) 2382 (obtained) at stage 4 (November 1995 - January 1996). (B) 2373 (obtained) Weighted sample size at stage 4 (C) 1750 (target) 1057 (obtained) Wave.

ESDS Access and Preservation, UK Data Archive
Conditions of Access
Free registration access