Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Health Inequalities Programme November 2024

Course Date: 06 - 08 November 2024



This short online course will cover theoretical concepts on inequity and inequality in health as well as its measurement. It will also provide an overview of selected available (longitudinal) household survey data and cohort studies that combine socio-economic and demographic variables along with various health measures – these datasets provide good sources for empirical inequality in health research. Overall, the course will combine theory and applied methods using case studies, real-word evidence, and data analysis using Stata. 

Course Aims

For researchers and analysts interested in the measurement of socio-economic inequality in health, including (but not limited to): Ph.D. students, post-doctoral researchers and third sector organisations. 

This is an entry and intermediate-level course so no strong a-priory knowledge in economics or inequalities research is assumed. 


The course is divided into 3 main modules:- 

Module 1: Inequality in health and the concept of health poverty (Prof Guido Erreygers) 

  • Core concepts such as the measurement of inequality in relative and absolute terms;
  • Rank- & level-dependent health inequality measures;
  • Measuring health poverty;
  • Methods to understand health inequalities (e.g. decomposition methods); 

Module 2: Avoidable/unavoidable health inequality (Assistant Professor Apostolos Davillas) 

  • Theoretical considerations on avoidable/unavoidable health inequality;
  • Separating avoidable from unavoidable health inequality – measurement and practical considerations;
  • Fairness and avoidable socio-economic inequality in health – advanced topics on measurement;
  • Real-world evidence and empirical examples; 

Module 3: Measuring health inequality in practice (Prof Philip Clarke) 

  • Types of inequality comparisons (i.e. cross-section, comparisons across time and over every long periods of time
  • Defining research questions and sources of data
  • Estimating inequalities in practice including issues with the measurement of socio-economic status and health
  • Reporting of health inequality studies 

Modules will be delivered live, synchronously using online platforms with the lecturer to go over both theoretical issues and practical exercises as well as provide several opportunities for questions. 

Access to the online course materials, exercises, and other supporting documents will be provided two weeks in advance of the live sessions.

The language of the course is English. 

A certificate of participation will be provided (electronically) post-course


Professor Guido ErreygersProfessor Guido Erreygers is Professor of Economics at the University of Antwerp and visiting researcher at the University of Melbourne. He obtained his PhD from the University of Paris X – Nanterre. In recent years his main fields of research were history of economic thought, linear production models, and measurement of socioeconomic inequality of health. He has published widely in international journals such as History of Political Economy, European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Journal of Health Economics, Journal of Economic Inequality, etc. He has edited or co-edited seven books, among which The Origins of Universal Grants. An Anthology of Historical Writings on Basic Capital and Basic Income (with John Cunliffe, 2004), and The Analysis of Linear Economic Systems: Father Maurice Potron’s Pioneering Works (with Christian Bidard, 2010). His research on health economics is focused on the measurement and analysis of socioeconomic inequality of health.

 Dr. Apostolos DavillasDr. Apostolos Davillas is an applied economist with a strong interest in micro-econometric techniques to conduct research in health economics, the economics of wellbeing, public economics, and behavioral economics. His research covers a range of topics such as the determinants of health, health care demand, utilization of health services, and the relevant public costs, as well as the economics of risky behaviors. Part of his research also focuses on the survey measurement of health, particularly the role of measurement error in existing (health) economics research. His research has been published in the Journal of Health Economics, Health Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Energy Economics, Economics Letters, Review of Income and Wealth, Social Science & Medicine, Economics & Human Biology, and in high-impact interdisciplinary journals. 

Professor Philip ClarkeProfessor Philip Clarke is Professor of Health Economics and Director of the Health Economics Research Centre (HERC) at the University of Oxford. Before HERC he held previous appointments at the Universities of Sydney and Melbourne in Australia. He is a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA). His research interests include developing methods to value the benefits of improving access to health care, the measurement of health inequalities and the use of simulation models in health economic evaluation. His research has been published in the Journal of Health Economics, Health Economics, Social Science and Medicine as well as Journal of Economic Perspectives and the Review of Economics and Statistics. He has been involved in empirical studies in a wide range of general and medical journals including PNAS, JAMA and the Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine.

For further information - please email