Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs): can they be used to guide patient-centered care and optimize outcomes in total knee replacement?
Tew M., Dalziel K., Clarke P., Smith A., Choong PF., Dowsey M.
PURPOSE: As patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly integrated into clinical practice, there is a need to translate collected data into valuable information to guide and improve the quality and value of patient care. The purpose of this study was to investigate health-related quality-of-life (QoL) trajectories in the 5 years following total knee replacement (TKR) and the patient characteristics associated with these trajectories. The feasibility of translating QoL trajectories into valuable information for guiding patient-centered care was also explored. METHODS: Data on patients who underwent TKR between 2006 and 2011 from a single-institution registry were extracted including patient-reported QoL (captured using the Short Form Survey (SF-12) instrument) up to 5 years post-surgery. QoL trajectories were modelled using latent class growth analysis. Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were calculated to illustrate longer term health benefit. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the association between trajectory groups and baseline patient characteristics. RESULTS: After exclusions, 1553 patients out of 1892 were included in the analysis. Six unique QoL trajectories were identified; with differing levels at baseline and improvement patterns post-surgery. Only 18.4% of patients were identified to be in the most positive QoL trajectory (low baseline, large sustainable improvement after surgery) associated with the greatest gain in QALY. These patients were likely to be younger, have no co-morbidities and report greater pain at pre-surgery than most in other QoL trajectories. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate the importance of underlying heterogeneity in QoL trajectories, resulting in variable QALY gains. There is scope in translating routinely collected PROMs to improve shared decision-making allowing for more patient engagement. However, further research is required to identify suitable approaches of its implementation into practice to guide clinical care and maximize patient outcomes.