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UNLABELLED: Most patients with pulmonary atelectasis have complete resolution with medical therapy. In patients with persistent atelectasis, endoscopic treatment has proven to be an effective therapy. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience using flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy in children with persistent atelectasis. This is a case series report of children treated with flexible bronchoscopy between January 2005 and December 2013, at the Pediatric Pulmonology Section of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. RESULTS: From a total of 106 bronchoscopies performed, 32 of the patients had a diagnosis of persistent atelectasis. Mean age, 5 years. Laryngeal mask airway was the most common route for flexible bronchoscopy. In 28/32 patients, the procedure was therapeutically useful (complete or partial re-expansion). The procedure was well tolerated and presented only mild complications. CONCLUSIONS: Flexible bronchoscopy proved to be a safe and effective tool for the treatment of children with persistent atelectasis.

Original publication





Arch Argent Pediatr

Publication Date





e106 - e108


Adolescent, Bronchoscopes, Bronchoscopy, Child, Child, Preschool, Equipment Design, Female, Fiber Optic Technology, Humans, Infant, Male, Pulmonary Atelectasis, Retrospective Studies