Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To measure the distribution of self-reported health by income in order to compare the level of health inequality in Australia with other industrialized countries. METHOD: Using data from the two National Health Surveys undertaken in 1989-90 and 1995, concentration indexes were calculated to quantify the distribution of self-reported health by equivalent income. The concentration index for Australia was compared with those reported for nine industrialized countries in Europe and North America. RESULTS: The estimated income-related concentration indexes were -0.1172 in 1989-90 and -0.1094 in 1995. CONCLUSION: The level of health inequality is not significantly different from the US or the UK, but significantly greater than seven other European nations. IMPLICATIONS: Australia has significant income related health inequalities and the distribution of health appears to be more unequal than in many other industrialized nations. There is a need to further investigate and quantify those features of the anglophone societies that set them apart from some other industrialized nations.

Original publication





Aust N Z J Public Health

Publication Date





370 - 373


Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Australia, Developed Countries, Europe, Health Status, Humans, Income, Middle Aged, United States